The Regulation 2015/757 ('EU MRV Regulation') came into force on 1 July 2015 after a two-year legislative process. The first regulatory deadline is 31 August 2017 when all ships exceeding 5,000 GT calling at EU ports had to submit a monitoring plan to a verifier for approval.
June 2013 - The European Commission published its original legislative proposal to require operators of ships exceeding 5,000 GT calling at EU ports regardless of country or flag to monitor and report their ships' annual carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions starting from 2018.
January 2014 - The ENVI Committee of the Parliament voted its report on the proposed regulation that supported the proposal but recommended that the regulation should apply to ships exceeding 400 GT and include all greenhouse gas (GHG) not only carbon emissions.
April 2014 - The Parliament adopted the proposal but rejected the ENVI Committee's proposal to lower the exemption threshold to 400 GT and include other GHG emissions.
September 2014 - Inter-institutional negotiations (trilogue) between the Parliament, the Commission and the Council started with the objective of finding a compromise on the regulation. Key issues were the reporting of the energy efficiency index and transport work.
November 2014 - A compromise was found between the European institutions. Apart from data on carbon emissions and distance sailed, the negotiators agreed that the regulation would also require ships to report cargo-related information.
December 2014 - The text was examined and voted by the ENVI Committee on 3 December. Two weeks later, the Council formally adopted its common position at the Environment Council meeting on 17 December.
March 2015 - The ENVI Committee voted the text through with no amendments.
April 2015 - The Parliament voted the final text through on 28 April.
May 2015 - The final text was published in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU) on 19 May as Regulation 2015/2015.
July 2015 - The text came into force on 1 July. The European Commission put together an MRV group of experts and started work on the delegated and implementing acts pursuant to Regulation 2015/757.
July 2016 - Publication of the draft Delegated and Implementing Acts pursuant to the Regulation 2015/757 for public consultation.
August 2017 - Shipping companies must submit a monitoring plan indicating the methodologies chosen to monitor and report emissions and other relevant information for each of their ships above 5,000 GT.
January 2018 - Shipping companies must monitor fuel consumption, carbon emissions and other relevant information for each ship on a per-voyage and an annual basis in accordance with the approved monitoring plan.
April 2019 - Shipping companies must submit to the authority a report including carbon emissions and other relevant information during the 2018 monitoring period for each ship under their responsibility. The report must previously have been verified by an accredited verifier.
June 2019 - Ships arriving at or departing from an EU port must carry on-board a document of compliance certifying the ship's compliance with the monitoring and reporting obligations for the 2018 period. This document will be subject to inspection by port state authorities.
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