What is classed as a voyage?
A ‘port of call’ means the port where a ship stops to load or unload cargo or to embark or disembark passengers. Consequently, stops for the sole purposes of refuelling, obtaining supplies, relieving the crew, going into dry-dock or making repairs to the ship and/or its equipment, stops in port because the ship is in need of assistance or in distress, ship-to-ship transfers carried out outside ports, and stops for the sole purpose of taking shelter from adverse weather or rendered necessary by search and rescue activities are excluded.
In other words, ports of call are relevant as ending points / starting points of voyages. These are ports where a ship stops to load or unload cargo, or to embark or disembark passengers.
Stops in ports which do not fulfil these conditions are not ports of call, for instance if a ship stops in a port for the sole purpose of refuelling, obtaining supplies, relieving the crew, going into dry-dock or making repairs to the ship and/or its equipment.
Also stops in ports due to the ship being in need of assistance, or in distress or for the sole purpose of taking shelter from adverse weather or rendered necessary by search and rescue activities are not considered ports of call.
A ‘voyage’ means any movement of a ship that originates from or terminates in a port of call and that serves the purpose of transporting passengers or cargo for commercial purposes
A 'reportable voyage' is when one of the two ports of call of a voyage is in the EU.
The two key parameters that ship operators must take into consideration to identify voyages to be reported are therefore the purpose of a stop in a port (is it a 'port of call'?) and the geographical area of the port (i.e. is it in the EU?).
The EEA Agreement provides for the inclusion of EU legislation in all policy areas of the Single Market including environmental policy. In accordance to the latest update by European Commission, EU MRV Regulation will be extended to ports under jurisdiction of EEA member states, i.e. it will also apply to voyages between Norway / Iceland and third countries.
Extension of MRV shipping to ports under jurisdiction of EEA MS ("Additonal EEA EFTA Voyages") means
- from the last port of call outside the European Economic Area (EEA) to a port of call situated in Norway or Iceland (incoming voyages),
- voyages from a port of call in Norway or Iceland to their next port of call outside the EEA (outogoing voyages),
- voyages between two ports of call in Norway and/or in Iceland and,
Ballast voyages, from the last port of call where the ships has discharged cargo or disembarked passengers to the next port of call where cargo is loaded or passengers embark, also serve the purpose of transporting cargo and are therefore subject to the Regulation.
Sources: Regulation 2015/757 Art.3 and Delegated Act on Monitoring Methods (Annex)
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