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The International Maritime Organization (IMO)  has adopted a mandatory Fuel Oil Data Collection System (DCS) for international shipping, requiring ships above 5,000 gross tonnage to start collecting and reporting data to an IMO database from 2019.

It was adopted by the IMO’s Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC70) on 28th October 2016 as amendments to chapter 4 of annex VI of MARPOL, adding a new Regulation 22A on Collection and reporting of ship fuel oil consumption data and new appendices covering Information to be submitted to the IMO Ship Fuel Oil Consumption Database. These amendments are expected to enter into force on 1 March 2018, under the tacit acceptance procedure. 

What it means? 

  • Ships 5’000 GT and above will have to submit annual reports on fuel consumption and transport work to their Administration, according to the Methodology set out in the Ship Energy Efficiency Monitoring Plan (SEEMP).
  • The 2012 Guidelines for the Development of a SEEMP have been revised accordingly and new 2016 Guidelines were adopted at MEPC (Resolution MEPC.282(70)). 
  • Aggregated data will be reported to a ship’s flag State after the end of each calendar year, which will need to verify that the data has been reported in accordance with the requirements before issuing a Statement of Compliance to the ship. 
  • Administrations will submit aggregated data to IMO for anonymized publication.
New guidance from IMO

1. 2016 Guidelines for the development of SEEMP adopted at MEPC70 (SEEMP will have to be updated prior calendar year 2019)

2. Draft Guidelines for Administration data verification procedures under development (adoption expected at MEPC71 in May 2017)

EU MRV and IMO fuel data system compared

  EU MRV IMO System
Monitoring Ships 5000 GT and above
Voyages to/from EU port of calls
EU Monitoring Plan
Starting 01.01.2018
Ships 5000 GT and above
All voyages
Updated SEEMP  
Starting 01.01.2019
First Monitoring Period  2018
Exemptions Warships, naval auxiliaries, fish-catching/processing ships, wooden ships, ships not propelled by mechanical means and government ships used for non-commercial purposes
Parameters Fuel Consumption and CO2
Actual Cargo On-board
Time at Sea & in Port
Fuel Consumption and CO2
Design deadweight
Distance Travelled (O/G)
Hours underway
Reporting  Fuel consumption (port / sea)
Transport work (based on actual cargo carried)
Fuel consumption
Verification Independent Accredited Verifiers

Flags / Recognized Organizations (work in progress)
Reports to European Comission
Flag State
Certification Document of Compliance (June 2019)
Statement of Compliance
Publication Distinctive public database
Anonymous public database
Disclosure Public 

Download center 


> Verifavia's IMO DCS verification services
> Comparison of EU MRV vs IMO DCS by Julien Dufour, CEO, Verifavia Shipping
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